BACHAT LAMP YOJANA
India is faced with the challenge of sustaining its rapid economic growth while dealing with the global threat of Climate change .
The majority of lighting needs of the households in India is met by incandescent bulbs which are extremely energy inefficient as 95% of the electricity is converted in heat and just 5% is used for lighting. Lighting accounts for about 20% of electricity consumption. Although the sales of Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) in India having grown from about 20 million in 2003 to around 200 million in 2008, the penetration of CFLs in household sector remains low at about 5% -10% largely due to the high price of the CFLs.
And as there are no mandatory requirements in India for the use of CFLs at the household level, BEE has prepared the Bachat Lamp Yogana (BLY), a unique and innovative project where three key players – BEE, the Investors and the Electricity Distribution Companies (DISCOMs) come together and supply the households with CFLs. This is the first and the largest Programme of Action from Iindia to be registered with UNFCCC.
Under the scheme, CFLs would bedistributed to grid connected residential households in exchange of commonly used incandescent lamps at a cost of Rs 15 per CFL.Each household can get a maximum of 4 CFLs.
To bridge the cost differential between the market price of the CFLs and the price at which they are distributed to the households, the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is being applied. The investor would cover the project cost through the sale of Green House Gas Emission Reductions achieved.
The BLY Scheme, upon implementation would:
·Avoid an estimated 6000 MW of electricity generation capacity translating into a potential saving of Rs 24,000 crores per annum.
·Reduce 20 million tonnes of CO2 from grid connected power plants replacing an estimated 400 million ICLs with CFLs
In Punjab, the Bachat Lamp Yojna (CDM based CFL Scheme) is being implemented by the State Utility.