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NPC REPORT SUMMARY

The total energy sold in the state is 30.683 Billion units. Sectors such as traction & miscellaneous constitute only 2 % of the total energy sold and are not assessed for energy saving potential.

1. ENERGY SAVING POTENTIAL IN AGRICULTURAL SECTOR

The annual electricity sale to agriculture sector is 10.022 BU. The major energy consumption is in the area of energizing agricultural pumps. The population of agricultural pump sets is around 1014137, accounting for a connected load of 5580.30 MW and annual consumption of 8.5 BU. The energy saving potential assessment has been carried out only for agricultural pump sets, whereas other allied areas have not been considered.
Based on several studies carried out on agricultural pumpset efficiency, it has been found that the pump efficiency varies from 25-35% due to various factors. By adopting BEE star labeled agricultural pumpsets, the efficiency can be enhanced upto 50-52%. It is estimated that, by replacement of existing pumps with the BEE star labeled pumps, the achievable saving potential is 30-40% and sectoral saving potential works out to be 2.55 BU per year.

2. ENERGY SAVING POTENTIAL IN COMMERCIAL SECTOR

The annual electricity sale to commercial sector is 1.848 BU and accounts for 6 % of the total electricity sold. The commercial sector constitutes Government & private establishments, hospitals, hotels, restaurants, educational institutions, malls etc.  For assessment of saving potential, only those buildings with over 500 kW connected load have been considered. 
There are 132 commercial buildings in the state accounting for annual energy consumption of 402 MU which works out to about 21.75 % of the sectoral consumption. The break up of category population wise is shown in the figure.
Various studies reveal that energy savings potential in commercial buildings varies from 20-30%. The annual energy savings potential for these 132 commercial buildings is assessed to be 80 MU.

3. ENERGY SAVING POTENTIAL IN MUNICIPALITIES

The annual electricity sale to public lighting and public water works & sewage works out to 468 MU, made up of 135 MU for lighting & 333 MU for PWW and STP.   Based on sample studies, the energy savings potential for street lighting in municipalities & corporations is assessed to be 25% and works out to 34 MU per annum. While, the energy savings potential for water works & sewage in municipalities & corporations is assessed to be 20% and works out to 67 MU per annum. The aggregate sectoral saving potential among the above works out to 101 MU.
Data from municipalities (public water works & STP and public lighting) are awaited.

4. ENERGY SAVING POTENTIAL IN SME CLUSTERS

Location Product/ cluster units Estimated Total Energy Consumption MUs/(TOE) % Savings potential assessed Annual energy saving Potential assessed

Batala

Foundry

300

252.3 MU
63075  TOE

10
15

25.23 MU                    
9461 TOE

Jalandhar

Handtools

400

1902.8 MU
475700  TOE

5
20

95.14  MU
95140 TOE

Ludhiana

Auto Components

400

343.2 MU
85800  TOE

7
10

24.02 MU
8580 TOE

Ludhiana

Hosiery

530

128.4 MU
32100  TOE

10
25

12.84 MU
8025 TOE

Ludhiana

Dyeing

150

264.6 MU
66150  TOE

7
15

18.52 MU
9923 TOE

TOTAL

2891.3 MU
722825 TOE

 

175.75  MU
131129 TOE



Five energy intensive clusters have been identified in Punjab, namely Foundry, Hand Tools, Auto Components, Hosiery and Dyeing for energy savings assessment.

In addition to the above, BEE has been implementing national schemes for promoting energy efficiency in household sector and Industrial sector. While in the household sector, replacement of inefficient lights and appliances are the key thrust areas, industrial energy efficiency is being mandated under section 14 of the Act as well as promoted through the National Energy Conservation Awards.

5. ENERGY SAVING POTENTIAL IN DOMESTIC SECTOR

In Punjab, the annual electricity sale to domestic sector is 6.348 BU which accounts for 21 % of the total electricity sold. The domestic sector electricity consumption varies with respect to rural and urban segments and climatic seasonal variations. In the rural segment major use of electricity is towards lights & fans. In the urban segment the typical energy consumption pattern includes the following.


S.No.

Appliances

Energy consumption in %

1

AC & refrigeration

56 %

2

Lights & fans

24%

3

Coolers , TV , Washing M/cs etc

16%

4

Others

4%

The energy use in air conditioners also varies significantly with seasons and climatic conditions.
The major avenues for energy savings in rural domestic sector include:

  • Replacement of GLS bulbs with CFLs
  • Adoption of BEE star labelled domestic appliances like ceiling fans, refrigerators, AC units, tube lights etc

The savings potential in rural segment by adopting CFLs and BEE star rated products is 40-50%.
The savings potential in urban segment by adopting BEE star rated products is 15-20%.
On the whole, the energy savings potential in domestic sector is estimated 20-25% which accordingly works out to 1.27 BU per year.

6. ENERGY SAVING POTENTIAL IN INDUSTRIES

The annual electricity sales to the industry sector including low & medium voltage consumers (SME) and high voltage consumers (large industries) is 11.354 BU and works out to 37 % of the total electricity sold. The larger industries segment is covered for energy efficiency under the mandates of EC Act as designated consumers, while SME segment is being addressed for energy efficiency through cluster based initiatives by Bureau of Energy Efficiency.
Based on several studies & energy audits, the electrical energy saving potential in industry sector varies from 7-10%. The energy savings potential for the sector is assessed to be 0.795 BU.

7. ASSESSED ENERGY SAVING POTENTIAL IN PUNJAB

No.

Sector Reference

Assessed annual Saving Potential (MU)

Tons of oil equivalent

1

Agriculture

2550

2

Commercial

80

3.

Municipalities

101

4.

SME Cluster

*

5.

Domestic

1270

6.

Industrial

795

131129

TOTAL

4796 MU
(4.796 BU)

131129

*SME clusters electrical energy savings potential is already included in Industrial sector.

The assessed energy saving potential for the state among the above sectors is 4.796 BU representing 15.63 % of the annual energy sold.

Recommended Approach

Towards realizing the significant Energy saving potential envisaged among various sectors, following programs/ strategies may be planned for and pursued.

(A) Agriculture

  • Capacity building among farmers to adopt BEE star labeled energy efficient pump sets and other agriculture rectification measures.
  • Adopting a suitably designed DSM program for agriculture sector.
  • Adopting utility driven distribution loss reduction programs.
  • Promoting water conservation opportunities like rain water harvesting, water saving development programs.
  • Capacity building among farmers regarding practices of water efficient crop planning.
  • Promoting sectoral energy efficiency through awards.
  • Promoting energy efficiency by local languages booklets, highlighting good practices.

(B)Commercial Sector

  • Program for awareness building on BEE star labeled appliances.
  • Promotion of building energy audits.
  • Promotion of building star rating systems.
  • Initiating and implementing demo projects on energy efficiency in commercial sector.
  • Promoting sectoral energy efficiency through awards.
  • Promoting energy efficiency by local languages booklets, highlighting good practices.

(C) Municipalities

  • Capacity Building among sector stake holder regarding energy efficiency, energy audit , and good practices in street lighting, public water works and Sewage Pumping.
  • Promoting Municipal DSM programs.
  • Promoting demo projects for energy efficiency in street lighting, public water works and Sewage Pumping and also programs like bio-methanation and power generation from municipal waste.
  • Promoting BEE star labeled devices, equipment and procurement policies.
  • Promoting sectoral energy efficiency through awards.
  • Promoting energy efficiency by local languages booklets, highlighting good practices.

(D)SME

  • Capacity building of stake holders in identified SME’s clusters and the SME sector at large.
  • Promoting cluster based DSM Programs Foe energy efficiency adoption
  • Promoting cluster based programmatic CDM Projects
  • Promoting demo projects among leading cluster units to encourage multiplier effect.
  • Promoting energy efficient BEE star labeled devices and equipment.
  • Promoting sectoral energy efficiency through awards.
  • Promoting energy efficiency by local languages booklets, highlighting good practices.

(E) Domestic

  • Promotion of energy efficient BEE star labeled devices and equipment.
  • Public campaign for energy efficiency.
  • Developing Programmatic CDM projects.
  • Promoting Publicity Campaign, Competitions, celebration of energy Conservation day.
  • Promoting sectoral energy efficiency through awards.
  • Promoting energy efficiency by local languages booklets, highlighting good Practices.

(F) Industry

  • Capacity building in industry sector and the designated consumers about Energy Audit good practices in energy efficiency.
  • Promoting awards schemes on energy efficiency.
  • DEMO Projects on energy audit.
  • Capacity building of industry sector stake holder about energy efficient BEE star labeled devices, products and equipments.
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